Temple of the Oracle in Siwa Oasis.
The fort was built in about 1480 by Sultan Qayetbay, the Burgi Mamluk ruler of Egypt. The site of the fort was once occupied by the famous ancient lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The lighthouse was subject to earthquakes and despite efforts of some Arab rulers to restore it; it finally collapsed in a 14th century tremor. Sultan Qayetbay used the lighthouse debris in the construction of his fort.
Al Morsi Abu El Abbas Mosque
The mosque was built in the 18th century by Algerians over the tomb of Al Morsi Abu El Abbas Mosque, a 13th century Islamic leader. It was rebuilt and renovated in the first half of the 20th century. The Mosque is huge (the biggest in Alexandria) with a high minaret and four remarkable domes. It served as a religious symbol of the city.
An approximately 25m red Aswan granite column with a circumference of 9 m, was constructed in honor of the Emperor Diocletain. Nearby are subterranean galleries where sacred Apis bulls were buried, and three sphinxes. After his defeat by Julius Caesar in the civil war, Pompey fled to Egypt where he was murdered in 48 BC; mediaeval travelers later believed he must be buried here, and that the capital atop the corner served as a container for his head. In fact, the pillar was raised in honor of Diocletain at the very end of the 4th century. Diocletain captured Alexandria after it had been under siege. The Arabs called it "Amoud el-Sawari", Column of the Horsemen. The Pillar is the tallest ancient monument in Alexandria.
The Montazah Palace was built in 1892 by Abbas II, the ruler of Egypt, as a royal residence. King Fouad made some additions and his son King Farouk built the bridge that extends in the water. The complex includes two hotels: Palestine and Salamlek. In addition to enjoying the greenery, there are fine beaches, whether in the hotels or the public ones. The rest of the complex is nothing but lavish gardens ideal for picnics. The place is really Alexandria's best place for relaxation.